Addictive Potential: Unknown
Emergency Room Visits Yearly: Unknown
Mandatory Minimum Sentence: Unknown
Mechanism of Action: Unknown
a-PVP is also referred to as flakka, gravel, O-2387, and alpha-pyrrolidinopentiophenone. It is a synthetic cathinone with euphoric and stimulant effects that are similar to MDPV.
a-PVP takes the form of a white or pink, foul-smelling crystal that can be eaten, snorted, injected, or vaporized in an e-cigarette or similar device. Vaporizing, which sends the drug very quickly into the bloodstream, may make it particularly easy to overdose. Like other drugs of this type, alpha-PVP can cause a condition called “excited delirium” that involves hyperstimulation, paranoia, and hallucinations that can lead to violent aggression and self-injury. The drug has been linked to deaths by suicide as well as heart attack. It can also dangerously raise body temperature and lead to kidney damage or kidney failure.
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(Info provided by Reagent-base)
Side Effects & Adverse Reactions:
a-PVP is a research chemical, and little is known about its long term damage and/or addiction potential. Some of the negative effects of a-PVP include:
- violent aggression
Remember, research chemicals are experimental chemicals that are not approved for human consumption. This is because not enough data exists currently about their effects in humans. Although some people are willing to ingest the drug a-PVP, it is unreasonable to assume that it is in any way safe to use recreationally.
- Death due to intravenous use of α-pyrrolidinopentiophenone
- Deaths Involving the Recreational Use of α-PVP (α-pyrrolidinopentiophenone)
- Analysis of synthetic cathinones commonly found in bath salts in human performance and postmortem toxicology
- Cheap, synthetic ‘flakka’ dethroning cocaine on Florida drug scene
- Ethylone-Related Deaths: Toxicological Findings
- α-PVP (“flakka”): a new synthetic cathinone invades the drug arena
- The characterization of α-pyrrolidinopentiophenone
- Effects of α‐Pyrrolidinopentiophenone and 4-Methyl-N-Ethylcathinone, Two Synthetic Cathinones Commonly Found in Second-Generation “Bath Salts”
- Comprehensive analysis of “bath salts” purchased from California stores and the internet
More Informational Resources: