Saturday, March 25, 2017
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Guarana

guarana_seed_powderGuarana is Uncontrolled in the United States. It can be purchased in many beverages, diet pills, and foods.

Addictive Potential: Medium

Emergency Room Visits Yearly: Unkown

Mandatory Minimum SentenceNone, Legal

Mechanism of Action: Inhibits the Neurotransmitter Adenosine, which in turn increases Dopamine and Norepinephine

Overview:

Guarana is a climbing plant in the maple family, Sapindaceae, native to the Amazon basin and especially common in Brazil. Guarana features large leaves and clusters of flowers, and is best known for its fruit, which is about the size of a coffee berry. As a dietary supplement, guarana is an effective energy booster – it contains about twice the caffeine found in coffee beans (about 2-4.5% caffeine in guarana seeds compared to 1-2% for coffee beans). In the United States, guarana has the status of being generally recognized as safe (GRAS).

Some of the chemicals found in guarana:

Chemical Plant part Parts per million
Adenine seed
Ash seed < 14,200
Caffeine seed 9,100 – 76,000
Catechutannic-acid seed
Choline seed
D-catechin seed
Fat seed < 30,000
Guanine seed
Hypoxanthine seed
Mucilage seed
Protein seed < 98,600
Resin seed < 70,000
Saponin seed
Starch seed 50,000 – 60,000
Tannin seed 50,000 – 120,000
Theobromine seed 200 – 400
Theophylline seed 0 – 2500
Timbonine seed
Xanthine seed

Research:

List of beverages containing guarana

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