Monday, March 27, 2017
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Lithium

lithiumpicLithium is available by prescription in the United States.

Addictive Potential: Low

Emergency Room Visits Yearly: Unknown

Mandatory Minimum Sentence: Not Scheduled, Does Not Apply; Legal by Prescription

Mechanism of Action: Increases the Neurotransmitter Serotonin and decreases noradrenaline

Overview:

Lithium carbonate is a chemical compound of lithium and carbonate, that is used as a mood stabilizer in psychiatric treatment of manic states and bipolar disorder. Its most common alternative is lithium orotate. Lithium is prescribed for children, over the age of 12 years, and adults.

Lithium carbonate is sold as Carbolith®, Cibalith-S®, Duralith®, Eskalith®, Lithane®, Lithizine®, Lithobid®, Lithonate® and Lithotabs®.

Upon ingestion Lithium becomes widely distributed in the central nervous system and interacts with a number of neurotransmitters and receptors, decreasing noradrenaline release and increasing serotonin synthesis.

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