Monday, March 27, 2017
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Theobromine

theobromine_2d_3dTheobromine is Uncontrolled in the United States. It can be purchased in many beverages, diet pills, and foods.

Addictive Potential: Low

Emergency Room Visits Yearly: Unkown

Mandatory Minumum SentenceNone, Legal

Mechanism of Action: Inhibits the Neurotransmitter Adenosine, which in turn increases Dopamine and Norepinephine

Overview:

Theobromine, also known as xantheose, is a bitter alkaloid of the cacao plant.  It is in the methylxanthine class of chemical compounds, which also includes the similar compounds theophylline and caffeine. Despite its name, the compound contains no bromine — theobromine is derived from Theobroma, the genus of the cacao tree, which is composed of the Greek roots theo (“God”) and broma (“food”), meaning “food of the gods”, with the suffix -ine given to alkaloids and other basic nitrogen-containing compounds.

Theobromine is the primary alkaloid found in cocoa and chocolate; chocolate contains 0.5-2.7% theobromine. Theobromine can also be found in small amounts in the kola nut (1.0-2.5%), the guarana berry, and the tea plant.

Theobromine is a CNS stimulant, dilates blood vessels, and increases urine volume.

Research:

Discriminative stimulus and subjective effects of theobromine and caffeine in humans

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